England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round. 91 They received training at 15 Volunteer Centres of the Local Organising Committee based in 15 universities, and in Volunteer Centres in the host cities. 20 Places in the tournament were allocated to continental confederations, with the allocation unchanged from the 2014 World Cup. The stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The 2018 fifa World Cup was the 21st, fIFA World Cup, an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of, fIFA once every four years. 40 41 Assistant referee Marwa Range of Kenya also withdrew after the BBC released an investigation conducted by a Ghanaian journalist which implicated Marwa in a bribery scandal. 96 97 On 1 December 2017, following the final draw, six kick-off times were adjusted by fifa. 103 Brazilian World Cup-winning striker Ronaldo entered the stadium with a child in a Russia shirt. It has since hosted the 2015 World Aquatics Championship and the 2017 fifa Confederations Cup. They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win. Of the 12 stadiums used for the tournament, 3 (Luzhniki, Yekaterinburg and Sochi) have been extensively renovated and the other 9 stadiums to be used are brand new;.8 billion has been spent on hosting the tournament. The 22-member fifa Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments. 103 Pop singer Robbie Williams then sang two of his songs solo before he and Russian soprano Aida Garifullina performed a duet. 3, it was also the first World Cup to use the video assistant referee (VAR) system. 34 From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June.